FEMS Microbiol Lett 2017 02;364(3)
Institut für Mikrobiologie & Biotechnologie, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn, D-53115 Bonn, Germany.
The diheme cytochromes c of the widespread TsdA family are bifunctional thiosulfate dehydrogenase/tetrathionate reductases. Here, biochemical information was collected about TsdA from the Epsilonproteobacterium Wolinella succinogenes (WsTsdA). The situation in W. succinogenes is unique since TsdA is closely associated with the unprecedented lipoprotein TsdC encoded immediately downstream of tsdA in the same direction of transcription. WsTsdA purified from Escherichia coli catalyzed both thiosulfate oxidation and tetrathionate reduction. After co-production of TsdC and WsTsdA in E. coli, TsdC was found to mediate membrane attachment of TsdA and to ensure its full catalytic activity. This effect was much stronger in the tetrathionate-reducing than in the thiosulfate-oxidizing direction. It is concluded that the TsdAC complex predominantly acts as a tetrathionate reductase in vivo.