J Clin Orthop Trauma 2016 Oct-Dec;7(Suppl 2):230-235. Epub 2016 Jun 23.
Department of Radiodiagnosis, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi 110029, India.
Objective: To determine the long-term clinical and functional results of arthroscopic elbow synovectomy in rheumatoid arthritis patients with refractory elbow synovitis in terms of improvement in pain, function, and active range of motion (AROM) or arc of motion.
Method: Fifteen rheumatoid elbows in 13 patients, not responding to DMARD therapy and with radiological changes not more than Larsen grade 3 were taken, who underwent arthroscopic elbow synovectomy. The main outcome measured in forms of Mayo Elbow Performance Scale (MEPS) score, measurement of pain using a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), radiological angles of elbow, disease activity score (DAS-28), arc of motions (AOM) and complications, which were assessed at follow-up periods of 6 months, 24 months, and 30 months. Statistical analysis was done both qualitatively and quantitatively. Mann-Whitney test, chi-square test, and Student test were used as the statistical test for determining significance.
Results: In the study group, the improvement was sustained and significant as compared to baseline (VAS 1.28, MEPS 81.07 and mean flexion range 85°) ( value <0.001). No significant complications were encountered postoperatively after elbow synovectomy.
Conclusion: The study assesses the long-term results of arthroscopic synovectomy in elbow synovitis secondary to rheumatoid arthritis with significant results favoring arthroscopic synovectomy.