Oncotarget 2017 Jan;8(4):6787-6795
Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA.
EglN2 contributes to ERα-positive breast tumorigenesis by acting as an estrogen-inducible gene. However, the detailed molecular mechanism(s) underlying the post-transcriptional regulation of EglN2 and its potential role in Triple Negative Breast Cancer (TNBC) remains largely unclear. By using C3Tag transgenic mice and tumor-derived C3Tag cell line, here we report that EglN2 contributes to TNBC tumor progression and genetic knockout of EglN2 improves C3Tag mice survival from tumor progression. Mechanistically, we further show that FBW7, an E3 ligase complex component that is frequently downregulated in TNBC, negatively regulates EglN2 protein stability. As such, depletion of FBW7 in breast cell lines leads to upregulation of EglN2 and other canonical FBW7 substrates. Conversely, FBW7 overexpression leads to EglN2 downregulation in a GSK3β-dependent manner. Furthermore, we identified some potential serine or threonine residues on the C-terminal of EglN2 that may mediate its binding and potential regulation by FBW7. Together, our study reveals that EglN2 might act as an FBW7 ubiquitin ligase substrate contributing to TNBC.