Medicine (Baltimore) 2016 Dec;95(51):e5230
Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Shanghai No. 6 People's Hospital Affiliated to Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China.
Early detection and treatment of lower extremity atherosclerotic disease (LEAD), and controlling its risk factors are critical in preventing amputation and death in diabetic patients. This study aimed to investigate the factors associated with LEAD in Chinese diabetic patients.In this case-control study, patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) (N = 1289) were divided into 2 groups according to the ultrasonic Doppler examination: with (LEAD+, n = 737) and without (LEAD-, n = 552) LEAD. In subgroup analysis, the LEAD+ group was divided based on the diameter of lower-extremity arteries: LEAD+A (1%-49% reduction) and LEAD+B (≥50% reduction). Clinical and demographic data of patients were analyzed.Compared with the LEAD- group, serum creatinine levels were significantly increased (P < 0.001), whereas glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was significantly decreased (P < 0.001) in the LEAD+ group. Multivariate analysis results showed that GFR (odds ratio [OR] 0.991, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.986-0.997, P = 0.003), diabetes duration (OR 1.055, 95% CI 1.026-1.084, P < 0.001), age (OR 1.123, 95% CI 1.104-1.142, P < 0.001), and uric acid (OR 1.002, 95% CI 1.000-1.004, P = 0.031) were independently associated with LEAD in patients with T2DM. Furthermore, multivariate analysis showed that age (OR 1.078, 95% CI 1.048-1.109, P < 0.001) and GFR (OR 0.985, 95% CI 0.975-0.994, P = 0.002) were independently associated with the severity of arterial lesions in patients with T2DM and LEAD.The risk factors of LEAD in Chinese patients with T2DM include age, course of disease, uric acid, and GFR. Patients with T2DM, high uric acid levels, and declined GFR could be listed in the high-risk group for LEAD.