Genetic and environmental influences on adult human height across birth cohorts from 1886 to 1994.

Authors:
Tessa Cutler
Tessa Cutler
University of Melbourne
Australia
Prof Sisira Siribaddana, MBBS, MD, FCCP, FRCP Edin FRCP Lon
Prof Sisira Siribaddana, MBBS, MD, FCCP, FRCP Edin FRCP Lon
Faculty of Medicine & Allied Sciences, Rajarata University of Sri Lanka
Prof
Health
Anuradhapura | Sri Lanka
Aline Jelenkovic Yoon-Mi Hur Reijo Sund Yoshie Yokoyama Sisira H Siribaddana Matthew Hotopf Athula Sumathipala Fruhling Rijsdijk Qihua Tan Dongfeng Zhang Zengchang Pang Sari Aaltonen Kauko Heikkilä Sevgi Y Öncel Fazil Aliev Esther Rebato Adam D Tarnoki David L Tarnoki Kaare Christensen Axel Skytthe Kirsten O Kyvik Judy L Silberg Lindon J Eaves Hermine H Maes Tessa L Cutler John L Hopper Juan R Ordoñana Juan F Sánchez-Romera Lucia Colodro-Conde Wendy Cozen Amie E Hwang Thomas M Mack Joohon Sung Yun-Mi Song Sarah Yang Kayoung Lee Carol E Franz William S Kremen Michael J Lyons Andreas Busjahn Tracy L Nelson Keith E Whitfield Christian Kandler Kerry L Jang Margaret Gatz David A Butler Maria A Stazi Corrado Fagnani Cristina D'Ippolito Glen E Duncan Dedra Buchwald Catherine A Derom Robert F Vlietinck Ruth Jf Loos Nicholas G Martin Sarah E Medland Grant W Montgomery Hoe-Uk Jeong Gary E Swan Ruth Krasnow Patrik Ke Magnusson Nancy L Pedersen Anna K Dahl-Aslan Tom A McAdams Thalia C Eley Alice M Gregory Per Tynelius Laura A Baker Catherine Tuvblad Gombojav Bayasgalan Danshiitsoodol Narandalai Paul Lichtenstein Timothy D Spector Massimo Mangino Genevieve Lachance Meike Bartels Toos Cem van Beijsterveldt Gonneke Willemsen S Alexandra Burt Kelly L Klump Jennifer R Harris Ingunn Brandt Thomas Sevenius Nilsen Robert F Krueger Matt McGue Shandell Pahlen Robin P Corley Jacob V B Hjelmborg Jack H Goldberg Yoshinori Iwatani Mikio Watanabe Chika Honda Fujio Inui Finn Rasmussen Brooke M Huibregtse Dorret I Boomsma Thorkild I A Sørensen Jaakko Kaprio Karri Silventoinen

Elife 2016 12 14;5. Epub 2016 Dec 14.

Department of Social Research, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

Human height variation is determined by genetic and environmental factors, but it remains unclear whether their influences differ across birth-year cohorts. We conducted an individual-based pooled analysis of 40 twin cohorts including 143,390 complete twin pairs born 1886-1994. Although genetic variance showed a generally increasing trend across the birth-year cohorts, heritability estimates (0.69-0.84 in men and 0.53-0.78 in women) did not present any clear pattern of secular changes. Comparing geographic-cultural regions (Europe, North America and Australia, and East Asia), total height variance was greatest in North America and Australia and lowest in East Asia, but no clear pattern in the heritability estimates across the birth-year cohorts emerged. Our findings do not support the hypothesis that heritability of height is lower in populations with low living standards than in affluent populations, nor that heritability of height will increase within a population as living standards improve.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.20320DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5156525PMC
December 2016
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