Contribution of copy number variants to schizophrenia from a genome-wide study of 41,321 subjects.

Authors:
Christian R Marshall Daniel P Howrigan Daniele Merico Bhooma Thiruvahindrapuram Wenting Wu Douglas S Greer Danny Antaki Aniket Shetty Peter A Holmans Dalila Pinto Madhusudan Gujral William M Brandler Dheeraj Malhotra Zhouzhi Wang Karin V Fuentes Fajarado Michelle S Maile Stephan Ripke Ingrid Agartz Margot Albus Madeline Alexander Farooq Amin Joshua Atkins Silviu A Bacanu Richard A Belliveau Sarah E Bergen Marcelo Bertalan Elizabeth Bevilacqua Tim B Bigdeli Donald W Black Richard Bruggeman Nancy G Buccola Randy L Buckner Brendan Bulik-Sullivan William Byerley Wiepke Cahn Guiqing Cai Murray J Cairns Dominique Campion Rita M Cantor Vaughan J Carr Noa Carrera Stanley V Catts Kimberley D Chambert Wei Cheng C Robert Cloninger David Cohen Paul Cormican Nick Craddock Benedicto Crespo-Facorro James J Crowley David Curtis Michael Davidson Kenneth L Davis Franziska Degenhardt Jurgen Del Favero Lynn E DeLisi Dimitris Dikeos Timothy Dinan Srdjan Djurovic Gary Donohoe Elodie Drapeau Jubao Duan Frank Dudbridge Peter Eichhammer Johan Eriksson Valentina Escott-Price Laurent Essioux Ayman H Fanous Kai-How Farh Martilias S Farrell Josef Frank Lude Franke Robert Freedman Nelson B Freimer Joseph I Friedman Andreas J Forstner Menachem Fromer Giulio Genovese Lyudmila Georgieva Elliot S Gershon Ina Giegling Paola Giusti-Rodríguez Stephanie Godard Jacqueline I Goldstein Jacob Gratten Lieuwe de Haan Marian L Hamshere Mark Hansen Thomas Hansen Vahram Haroutunian Annette M Hartmann Frans A Henskens Stefan Herms Joel N Hirschhorn Per Hoffmann Andrea Hofman Hailiang Huang Masashi Ikeda Inge Joa Anna K Kähler René S Kahn Luba Kalaydjieva Juha Karjalainen David Kavanagh Matthew C Keller Brian J Kelly James L Kennedy Yunjung Kim James A Knowles Bettina Konte Claudine Laurent Phil Lee S Hong Lee Sophie E Legge Bernard Lerer Deborah L Levy Kung-Yee Liang Jeffrey Lieberman Jouko Lönnqvist Carmel M Loughland Patrik K E Magnusson Brion S Maher Wolfgang Maier Jacques Mallet Manuel Mattheisen Morten Mattingsdal Robert W McCarley Colm McDonald Andrew M McIntosh Sandra Meier Carin J Meijer Ingrid Melle Raquelle I Mesholam-Gately Andres Metspalu Patricia T Michie Lili Milani Vihra Milanova Younes Mokrab Derek W Morris Bertram Müller-Myhsok Kieran C Murphy Robin M Murray Inez Myin-Germeys Igor Nenadic Deborah A Nertney Gerald Nestadt Kristin K Nicodemus Laura Nisenbaum Annelie Nordin Eadbhard O'Callaghan Colm O'Dushlaine Sang-Yun Oh Ann Olincy Line Olsen F Anthony O'Neill Jim Van Os Christos Pantelis George N Papadimitriou Elena Parkhomenko Michele T Pato Tiina Paunio Diana O Perkins Tune H Pers Olli Pietiläinen Jonathan Pimm Andrew J Pocklington John Powell Alkes Price Ann E Pulver Shaun M Purcell Digby Quested Henrik B Rasmussen Abraham Reichenberg Mark A Reimers Alexander L Richards Joshua L Roffman Panos Roussos Douglas M Ruderfer Veikko Salomaa Alan R Sanders Adam Savitz Ulrich Schall Thomas G Schulze Sibylle G Schwab Edward M Scolnick Rodney J Scott Larry J Seidman Jianxin Shi Jeremy M Silverman Jordan W Smoller Erik Söderman Chris C A Spencer Eli A Stahl Eric Strengman Jana Strohmaier T Scott Stroup Jaana Suvisaari Dragan M Svrakic Jin P Szatkiewicz Srinivas Thirumalai Paul A Tooney Juha Veijola Peter M Visscher John Waddington Dermot Walsh Bradley T Webb Mark Weiser Dieter B Wildenauer Nigel M Williams Stephanie Williams Stephanie H Witt Aaron R Wolen Brandon K Wormley Naomi R Wray Jing Qin Wu Clement C Zai Rolf Adolfsson Ole A Andreassen Douglas H R Blackwood Elvira Bramon Joseph D Buxbaum Sven Cichon David A Collier Aiden Corvin Mark J Daly Ariel Darvasi Enrico Domenici Tõnu Esko Pablo V Gejman Michael Gill Hugh Gurling Christina M Hultman Nakao Iwata Assen V Jablensky Erik G Jönsson Kenneth S Kendler George Kirov Jo Knight Douglas F Levinson Qingqin S Li Steven A McCarroll Andrew McQuillin Jennifer L Moran Bryan J Mowry Markus M Nöthen Roel A Ophoff Michael J Owen Aarno Palotie Carlos N Pato Tracey L Petryshen Danielle Posthuma Marcella Rietschel Brien P Riley Dan Rujescu Pamela Sklar David St Clair James T R Walters Thomas Werge Patrick F Sullivan Michael C O'Donovan Stephen W Scherer Benjamin M Neale Jonathan Sebat

Nat Genet 2017 01 21;49(1):27-35. Epub 2016 Nov 21.

Beyster Center for Psychiatric Genomics, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California, USA.

Copy number variants (CNVs) have been strongly implicated in the genetic etiology of schizophrenia (SCZ). However, genome-wide investigation of the contribution of CNV to risk has been hampered by limited sample sizes. We sought to address this obstacle by applying a centralized analysis pipeline to a SCZ cohort of 21,094 cases and 20,227 controls. A global enrichment of CNV burden was observed in cases (odds ratio (OR) = 1.11, P = 5.7 × 10), which persisted after excluding loci implicated in previous studies (OR = 1.07, P = 1.7 × 10). CNV burden was enriched for genes associated with synaptic function (OR = 1.68, P = 2.8 × 10) and neurobehavioral phenotypes in mouse (OR = 1.18, P = 7.3 × 10). Genome-wide significant evidence was obtained for eight loci, including 1q21.1, 2p16.3 (NRXN1), 3q29, 7q11.2, 15q13.3, distal 16p11.2, proximal 16p11.2 and 22q11.2. Suggestive support was found for eight additional candidate susceptibility and protective loci, which consisted predominantly of CNVs mediated by nonallelic homologous recombination.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ng.3725DOI Listing
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January 2017
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