ESTM, (LASMAR), University Moulay Ismaïl, Meknes, Morocco.
Background: Novel six organic donor-π-acceptor molecules (D-π-A) used for Bulk Heterojunction organic solar cells (BHJ), based on thienopyrazine were studied by density functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent DFT (TD-DFT) approaches, to shed light on how the π-conjugation order influence the performance of the solar cells. The electron acceptor group was 2-cyanoacrylic for all compounds, whereas the electron donor unit was varied and the influence was investigated.
Methods: The TD-DFT method, combined with a hybrid exchange-correlation functional using the Coulomb-attenuating method (CAM-B3LYP) in conjunction with a polarizable continuum model of salvation (PCM) together with a 6-31G(d,p) basis set, was used to predict the excitation energies, the absorption and the emission spectra of all molecules.
Results: The trend of the calculated HOMO-LUMO gaps nicely compares with the spectral data. In addition, the estimated values of the open-circuit photovoltage (V) for these compounds were presented in two cases/PCBM and/PCBM.
Conclusion: The study of structural, electronics and optical properties for these compounds could help to design more efficient functional photovoltaic organic materials.
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