PLoS One 2016 21;11(10):e0164151. Epub 2016 Oct 21.
CSIR-Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Hyderabad, India.
Background: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is one of the leading causes of mortality worldwide. It is a multi-factorial disease and several studies have demonstrated that the genetic factors play a major role in CAD. Although variations in cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) gene are reported to be associated with CAD, this gene has not been studied in South Indian populations. Hence we evaluated the CETP gene variations in CAD patients of South Indian origin.
Methods: We sequenced all the exons, exon-intron boundaries and UTRs of CETP in 323 CAD patients along with 300 ethnically and age matched controls. Variations observed in CETP were subjected to various statistical analyses.
Results And Discussion: Our analysis revealed a total of 13 variations. Of these, one3'UTRvariant rs1801706 (c.*84G>A) was significantly associated with CAD (genotype association test: OR = 2.16, 95% CI: 1.50-3.10, p = 1.88x10-5 and allelic association test: OR = 1.92, 95% CI: 1.40-2.63, p = 2.57x10-5). Mutant allele "A" was observed to influence the higher concentration of mRNA (p = 7.09×10-3, R2 = 0.029 and β = 0.2163). Since expression of CETP has been shown to be positively correlated with the risk of CAD, higher frequency of "A" allele (patients: 22.69% vs.controls: 13%) reveals that c.*84G>A is a risk factor for CAD in South Indians.
Conclusions: This is the first report of the CETP gene among South Indians CAD patients. Our results suggest that rs1801706 (c.*84G>A) is a risk factor for CAD in South Indian population.