Novel functions for the transcription factor E2F4 in development and disease.

Cell Cycle 2016 Dec 18;15(23):3183-3190. Epub 2016 Oct 18.

a Departments of Pediatrics and Genetics , Stanford University , Stanford , CA , USA.

The E2F family of transcription factors is a key determinant of cell proliferation in response to extra- and intra-cellular signals. Within this family, E2F4 is a transcriptional repressor whose activity is critical to engage and maintain cell cycle arrest in G0/G1 in conjunction with members of the retinoblastoma (RB) family. However, recent observations challenge this paradigm and indicate that E2F4 has a multitude of functions in cells besides this cell cycle regulatory role, including in embryonic and adult stem cells, during regenerative processes, and in cancer. Some of these new functions are independent of the RB family and involve direct activation of target genes. Here we review the canonical functions of E2F4 and discuss recent evidence expanding the role of this transcription factor, with a focus on cell fate decisions in tissue homeostasis and regeneration.

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Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15384101.2016.1234551DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5176148PMC
December 2016
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References

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Zhu L et al.
EMBO J 1995

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