Asia Pac J Clin Oncol 2017 Feb 4;13(1):53-60. Epub 2016 Aug 4.
Department of Hematology-Oncolgy, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Korea.
Aim: Despite appropriate use of antiemetics including 5-hydroxytryptamine type 3 (5-HT ) receptor antagonists, chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) is still an unsolved problem in patients with anticancer drugs. We examined whether the variants of ABCB1, CYP2D6 and HTR3B affect efficacy of ramosetron, a selective 5-HT receptor antagonist in a dose escalation clinical trial.
Methods: We conducted a clinical trial on patients who underwent FOLFOX combination chemotherapy. The participants were randomized into three groups of ramosetron: 0.3 mg (standard dose), 0.45 mg and 0.6 mg. Rhodes index of nausea, vomiting and retching were measured at 1, 6 h, day 1, day 2 and day 7 after the administration of ramosetron as a clinical parameter of CINV and polymorphism was analyzed from genomic DNA.
Results: There was a dose-dependent decrease in the nausea and vomiting scores at day 1 and day 2, not statistically significant. The Rhodes index of nausea, vomiting and retching score at day 1 in participants with HTR3B-100_-102delAAG deletion variants was significantly higher than wild type participants, regardless of dosages. However, the polymorphisms including ABCB1, CYP2D6 and other HTR3B genes did not affect response to ramosetron after chemotherapy.
Conclusion: These results suggest that the -AAG deletion variant of the 5-HT receptor gene may contribute to variability in response to antiemetic therapy for CINV regardless of dose escalation. These results suggest that carrying a -100_-102delAAG variant of 5-HT gene should be supported by alternate or additive antiemetics in addition to 5-HT antagonists to control acute emesis.