Does the theory-driven program affect the risky behavior of drug injecting users in a healthy city? A quasi-experimental study.

Med J Islam Repub Iran 2016 5;30:314. Epub 2016 Jan 5.

MSN, BSN, RN of Nursing, Academic Member of Saveh University of Medical Sciences, & Kaveh Industrial Estate Company Saveh, Iran.

Background: The horror of HIV/AIDS as a non-curable, grueling disease is a destructive issue for every country. Drug use, shared needles and unsafe sex are closely linked to the transmission of HIV/AIDS. Modification or changing unhealthy behavior through educational programs can lead to HIV prevention. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of theory-based education intervention on HIV prevention transmission in drug addicts.

Methods: In this quasi-experimental study, 69 male drug injecting users were entered in to the theory- based educational intervention. Data were collected using a questionnaire, before and 3 months after four sessions (group discussions, lecture, film displaying and role play) of educational intervention.

Results: The findings signified that the mean scores of constructs (self-efficacy, susceptibility, severity and benefit) significantly increased after the educational intervention, and the perceived barriers decreased (p< 0.001). Also, the history of HIV testing was reported to be 9% before the intervention, while the rate increased to 88% after the intervention.

Conclusion: The present research offers a primary founding for planning and implementing a theory based educational program to prevent HIV/AIDS transmission in drug injecting addicts. This research revealed that health educational intervention improved preventive behaviors and the knowledge of HIV/AIDS participants.

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Source
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4898848PMC
July 2016
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