Meta Gene 2016 Sep 18;9:124-7. Epub 2016 May 18.
Department of Pathology, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates.
Mutations in DYNC1H1, the gene encoding the largest cytoplasmic dynein, have been associated with a wide spectrum of neurodegenerative disorders. In this study, we describe a child in whom a novel de novo likely pathogenic variant in the motor domain of DYCN1H1 was identified through whole exome sequencing. The affected child presented with severe neurological symptoms and more extensive cortical malformations compared to previously reported cases with mutations in this gene, including diffuse pachygyria-lissencephaly and bilateral symmetric subcortical gray matter heterotopia. A more distinct aspect of the phenotype in this child is the presence of cataract in infancy. So far, only acquired bilateral cataract in adulthood has been described in this disorder in a patient with a much milder neurological phenotype. These findings could extend the phenotype associated with defective DYNC1H1 and suggest a possible important role in human ocular development.