Ethn Dis 2016 Apr 21;26(2):205-12. Epub 2016 Apr 21.
Department of Internal Medicine, Howard University College of Medicine; Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine at Howard University Hospital.
Purpose: New onset supraventricular arrhythmias (SVA) are commonly reported in mixed intensive care settings. We sought to determine the incidence, risk factors and outcomes of new onset SVA in African American (AA) patients with severe sepsis admitted to medical intensive care unit (MICU).
Methods: Patients admitted to MICU between January 2012 through December 2012 were studied. Patients with a previous history of arrhythmia or with new onset of ventricular arrhythmia were excluded. Data on risk factors, critical care interventions and outcomes were obtained.
Results: One hundred and thirty-one patients were identified. New onset SVA occurred in 34 (26%) patients. Of those 34, 20 (59%) had atrial fibrillation (AF), 6 (18%) had atrial flutter and 8 (24%) had other forms of SVA. Compared with patients without SVA, patients with new onset SVA were older (69 ± 12 yrs vs 59 ± 13 yrs, P=.003), had congestive heart failure (47% vs 24%, P=.015) and dyslipidemia (41% vs 15%, P=.002). Additionally, they had a higher mean mortality prediction model (MPM II) score (65 ± 25 vs 49 ± 26, P=.001) and an increased incidence of respiratory failure (85% vs 55%, P=.001). Hospital mortality in patients with new onset SVA was 18 (53%) vs 30 (31%); P=.024; however, in a multivariate analysis, new onset SVA was associated with non-significantly increased odds (OR 2.58, 95% CI 0.86-8.05) for in-hospital mortality.
Conclusions: New onset SVA was prevalent in AA patients with severe sepsis and occurred more frequently with advanced age, increased severity of illness, congestive heart failure, and acute respiratory failure; it was associated with higher unadjusted in hospital mortality. However, after multiple adjustments, new onset SVA did not remain an independent predictor of mortality.