Anal Biochem 2016 06 7;502:1-7. Epub 2016 Mar 7.
College of Food Science and Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, 210095, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:
An antibody to phenoxybenzoic acid (PBA), the conserved chemical region of pyrethroids, was developed using a domain antibody (DAB) library to enable pyrethroid detection in agricultural products. The DAB library, constructed without animal immunization and based on a human VH framework, displayed repertoires on filamentous bacteriophage. After four rounds of panning, we obtained five domain antibodies that are capable of binding to PBA. Antibody A3 has strong identification capability to cypermethrin, β-cypermethrin, and fenvalerate. The antibody A3 was used to develop an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The IC50 values were 2.586, 1.814, and 2.251 μg/ml for cypermethrin, β-cypermethrin, and fenvalerate, respectively. The assay shows weak competition with flucythrinate but shows no competition with fenpropathrin, deltamethrin, and permethrin. The developed ELISA process was successfully applied to fortified Chinese cabbage samples, with the recoveries of cypermethrin, β-cypermethrin, and fenvalerate ranging from 84.4 to 112.3%. We developed an immunoassay to detect pyrethroids depending on the domain antibody library, which overcomes the limitation of requiring protein antigen to immunize animals raising antibody.