Department of Ophthalmology, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany.
Purpose: The aim of the study was to investigate the agreement of intraocular pressure (IOP) measurement using dynamic contour tonometry (DCT) and Goldmann applanation tonometry (GAT) in eyes after vitrectomy with intraocular gas endotamponade, in eyes after vitrectomy with no tamponade, and in controls.
Methods: In this prospective comparative study IOP was measured with GAT and DCT in 41 eyes with gas endotamponade (sulfur hexafluoride 20%) 1 to 3 days after vitrectomy, in 32 postvitrectomy eyes with intraocular water, and in 46 control eyes with no history of glaucoma or intraocular surgery. Corneal pachymetry and axial length measurements were additionally performed.
Results: The mean difference between GAT and DCT (GAT-DCT) in gas-filled eyes was 3.1 mm Hg [SD=6.2 mm Hg], that in eyes after vitrectomy with no tamponade was 0.4 mm Hg (SD=4.8 mm Hg), and in control eyes was 0.4 mm Hg (SD=3.8 mm Hg). No significant correlation was found between the differences of GAT and DCT (GAT-DCT) and the mean IOP of GAT and DCT in water-filled eyes (r=-0.25, P=0.18) and control eyes (r=0.23, P=0.13), but a significant correlation was found in the gas-filled eyes (r=0.71, P<0.0001). A significant correlation between central corneal thickness and the mean difference of both methods was seen only in the control group (r=0.36, P=0.03).
Conclusions: IOP as determined by DCT underestimates IOP in gas-filled eyes compared with GAT, as GAT values were on average 3.1 mm Hg higher compared with those of DCT. The extent of IOP underestimation using DCT increases with higher IOP values. In the group of eyes after vitrectomy and in normal eyes we found a generally good agreement between the 2 methods, although high interindividual discrepancies were present. Our findings suggest that the 2 devices should not be used interchangeably in IOP evaluation after vitrectomy with gas endotamponade, which remains a difficult challenge.
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