The aim of this study was to define the skin patterns at high risk for upper airway infantile haemangioma. A retrospective multicentre French observational study was conducted between January 2006 and January 2015 and all confirmed airway haemangioma were included. Thirty-eight patients with airway haemangioma from 9 centres were included. Thirty-one patients had a cutaneous or mucosal haemangioma: 21 with a location considered at high risk for airway haemangioma (large segmental mandibular haemangioma), 4 with a very mild facial involvement (lower lip or S1 (frontotemporal segment according to Haggstrom and Frieden)) and 6 with either lesions of the neck or body, or association of both. We report here the largest cohort of airway haemangioma. A third of patients do not completely fit with the definition of the high-risk area of airway haemangioma. Segmental lower lip and neck involvement also seem to be very suggestive areas. Clinicians must be able to recognize these areas.