Cancer Res 2016 Mar 29;76(6):1591-602. Epub 2016 Jan 29.
Genomics Institute of the Novartis Research Foundation, San Diego, California.
Non-small cell lung cancer patients carrying oncogenic EGFR mutations initially respond to EGFR-targeted therapy, but later elicit minimal response due to dose-limiting toxicities and acquired resistance. EGF816 is a novel, irreversible mutant-selective EGFR inhibitor that specifically targets EGFR-activating mutations arising de novo and upon resistance acquisition, while sparing wild-type (WT) EGFR. EGF816 potently inhibited the most common EGFR mutations L858R, Ex19del, and T790M in vitro, which translated into strong tumor regressions in vivo in several patient-derived xenograft models. Notably, EGF816 also demonstrated antitumor activity in an exon 20 insertion mutant model. At levels above efficacious doses, EGF816 treatment led to minimal inhibition of WT EGFR and was well tolerated. In single-dose studies, EGF816 provided sustained inhibition of EGFR phosphorylation, consistent with its ability for irreversible binding. Furthermore, combined treatment with EGF816 and INC280, a cMET inhibitor, resulted in durable antitumor efficacy in a xenograft model that initially developed resistance to first-generation EGFR inhibitors via cMET activation. Thus, we report the first preclinical characterization of EGF816 and provide the groundwork for its current evaluation in phase I/II clinical trials in patients harboring EGFR mutations, including T790M.