Transl Androl Urol 2014 Sep;3(3):321-7
Department of Urology and University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia ; Department of Surgery, Austin Hospital, Melbourne, Australia.
Ureteroscopy (URS) is a procedure which has been constantly evolving since the development of first generation devices 40 years ago. Progress towards smaller and more sophisticated equipment has been particularly rapid in the last decade. We review the significant steps that have been made toward improving outcomes and limiting morbidity with this procedure which is central to the management of urolithiasis and other upper urinary tract pathology.