SLC1A1 Gene Variants and Normal Tension Glaucoma: An Association Study.

Ophthalmic Genet 2016 06 15;37(2):194-200. Epub 2016 Jan 15.

a Department of Ophthalmology , Yokohama City University School of Medicine , Yokohama , Kanagawa , Japan .

Background: It has been hypothesized that dysfunction of the solute carrier family 1, member1 gene (SLC1A1), which encodes the glutamate aspartate transporter, may play a role in normal tension glaucoma. In this study we investigate whether SLC1A1 is associated with normal tension glaucoma in Japanese patients.

Methods: A total of 292 Japanese patients with normal tension glaucoma and 500 healthy control subjects were recruited. We genotyped 12 single-nucleotide polymorphisms in SLC1A1. We also performed an imputation analysis to evaluate the potential association of un-genotyped SLC1A1 single-nucleotide polymorphisms, and 165 single-nucleotide polymorphisms were imputed.

Results: We observed an increased frequency of the G allele of rs10739062 in patients compared to controls (p = 0.043, OR = 1.25). The rs10739062 polymorphism exhibited a dominant effect: individuals with genotype GG and GC showed a 1.91-fold increase in risk compared to genotype CC (p = 0.0082). However, the statistical significance disappeared after Bonferroni correction for multiple testing (pc > 0.05). We did not find any significant association between any of the remaining 176 single-nucleotide polymorphisms and disease risk.

Conclusions: Our study showed a lack of association between SLC1A1 variants and normal tension glaucoma in Japanese patients, suggesting that the SLC1A1 gene does not play a critical role in the development of the disorder in this patient population. However, further genetic studies with larger sample sizes are needed to clarify whether SLC1A1 may make some contribution that affects the risk of developing normal tension glaucoma.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/13816810.2015.1028649DOI Listing
June 2016
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