Eur J Hum Genet 2016 08 6;24(8):1220-2. Epub 2016 Jan 6.
Department of Genetics, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
LMNA encodes lamin A and lamin C, two major components of the nuclear lamina, and its pathogenic variants lead to a dozen distinct clinical entities collectively known as laminopathies. Most LMNA-related laminopathies are autosomal dominant but four are autosomal recessive; furthermore, some of the dominant variants have been associated with distinct phenotypes when inherited recessively, further complicating the ability to correlate genotype with phenotype. We report a consanguineous family in which the index presented with an apparently unique constellation of poikiloderma, joint motion restriction and distal acroosteolysis but lacks features of muscle weakness, lipodystrophy, or cardiac or craniofacial involvement. Molecular analysis revealed the presence of a novel homozygous LMNA missense variant (NM_170707.3:c.1774G>A; p.(Gly592Arg)) within an area of autozygome that is not shared by his unaffected siblings. The proposed causal link is further supported by in silico analysis of this variant. Our case suggests an expansion of LMNA allelic disorders to include distal acroosteolysis, poikiloderma and joint stiffness (DAPJ).