Neurosci Lett 2016 Jan 15;612:219-224. Epub 2015 Dec 15.
Functional Genomics Research Center, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Daejeon 305-806, Republic of Korea; Department of Functional Genomics, University of Science and Technology (UST) of Korea, Daejeon, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:
During neuronal differentiation, it is generally accepted that many kinases and phosphatases fulfill different roles. In this study, phospho-tyrosine phosphatases were focused on and their expression profiling was evaluated during neuronal differentiation of mouse J1 embryonic stem cells. Among 83 phospho-tyrosine phosphatases, expressions of 21 PTPs were increased but mRNA expressions of 10 PTPs decreased depending on the differentiation. We checked the protein expression patterns for the cases where PTPs mRNA expressions changed. Some of them showed consistent results with the mRNA expressions. In particular, it was found that dual-specific phosphatase23 (DUSP23) affected neuronal differentiation. The knock-down of DUSP23 decreased neuronal differentiation in terms of neuronal outgrowth and the expression of neuronal marker proteins and mRNAs. Taken together, the obtained results show that many PTPs play specific roles during neuronal differentiation and manipulating their activities by activators or inhibitors could adjust neuronal differentiation.