Does participation in art classes influence performance on two different cognitive tasks?

Authors:
Manuel Schindler
Manuel Schindler
a Institute of Psychogerontology
Monroe | United States
Anne Bolwerk
Anne Bolwerk
University of Erlangen-Nuremberg
Germany
Frieder R Lang
Frieder R Lang
Institute of Psychogerontology
Germany

Aging Ment Health 2017 04 24;21(4):439-444. Epub 2015 Nov 24.

a Institute of Psychogerontology , Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nürnberg , Germany.

Objectives: Effects of two mentally stimulating art interventions on processing speed and visuo-spatial cognition were compared in three samples.

Method: In a randomized 10-week art intervention study with a pre-post follow-up design, 113 adults (27 healthy older adults with subjective memory complaints, 50 healthy older adults and 36 healthy younger adults) were randomly assigned to one of two groups: visual art production or cognitive art evaluation, where the participants either produced or evaluated art. ANOVAs with repeated measures were computed to observe effects on the Symbol-Digit Test, and the Stick Test.

Results: Significant Time effects were found with regard to processing speed and visuo-spatial cognition. Additionally, there was found a significant Time × Sample interaction for processing speed. The effects proved robust after testing for education and adding sex as additional factor.

Conclusion: Mental stimulation by participation in art classes leads to an improvement of processing speed and visuo-spatial cognition. Further investigation is required to improve understanding of the potential impact of art intervention on cognitive abilities across adulthood.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13607863.2015.1114587DOI Listing

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April 2017
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