Springerplus 2015 6;4:577. Epub 2015 Oct 6.
Department of Pediatrics, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, 222 Banpo-daero, Seocho-gu, Seoul, 06591 Republic of Korea.
To find a relationship between clinical and sonographic appearance of hemorrhagic cystitis (HC) in pediatric hematooncology patients. Clinical and sonographic findings of 31 children (M:F = 18:13; mean age, 12.7 years) with HC in pediatric hematooncology patients were reviewed. For each patient, the onset of HC after transplantation, use of bladder-toxic agent, presence of BK viruria, and duration of disease were reviewed. Sonographic findings including bladder wall thickness (BWT), the type of bladder wall thickening (nodular vs. diffuse), occurrence of hydronephrosis or pyelonephritis were reviewed. We analyzed sonographic appearance and clinical manifestations of HC. HC occurred within 4 months after HSCT/BMT. 27 patients (87.0 %) were positive for BK viruria and 24 patients (77.4 %) took bladder-toxic agents. On sonography, nodular type bladder wall thickening was more frequent (54.8 %), and BWT was thicker in this group (p = 0.003). There was a positive correlation between the BWT on initial sonography and duration of cystitis (r (2) = 0.340). Hydronephrosis developed in 25.8 % of patients with HC, and as HC persisted longer, hydronephrosis occurred more (p = 0.004). In patients with HC after HSCT/BMT, the BWT on initial sonography correlates well with the duration of cystitis. And, longer time of HC develops the risk of hydronephrosis.