Reprod Biomed Online 2015 Dec 21;31(6):722-31. Epub 2015 Sep 21.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada. Electronic address:
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Arch Gynecol Obstet 2012 Mar 24;285(3):863-71. Epub 2011 Sep 24.
Division of Reproductive Medicine, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Medical School of Hannover, Carl-Neuberg-Str. 1, 30625 Hannover, Germany.
Purpose: The incidence of ectopic pregnancy (EP) in the general population is 2%, whereas the EP rate following assisted reproductive technologies (ART) is between 2.1 and 11%. EP is also an adverse effect of tubal surgery with incidences up to 40% depending on the type, location, and severity of tubal disease and the surgical procedure. Read More
J Reconstr Microsurg 2010 Jul 1;26(5):317-23. Epub 2010 Mar 1.
Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Division of Reproductive Medicine, Medical School of Hannover, Hannover, Germany.
Tubal infertility mostly results from infections. Conception only is possible through complex treatments (in vitro fertilization or surgery). Success cannot be guaranteed, even after repeated treatments. Read More
Hum Reprod 1999 Sep;14 Suppl 1:120-36
Centre for Reproductive Medicine, Dutch-speaking Brussels Free University, Belgium.
We reviewed the place of tubal surgery in the era of assisted reproductive technology. Reversal of tubal ligation is one of the main indications for tubal microsurgery. Adhesiolysis has the best results if the adhesion is the only factor responsible for infertility. Read More
Fertil Steril 2012 Mar 29;97(3):539-45. Epub 2012 Jan 29.
There is a need to determine the optimal treatment methods for patients with tubal factor infertility. This document reviews the available treatments and discusses factors that must be considered when deciding between surgical repair versus in vitro fertilization. This document replaces the 2008 document of the same name. Read More