Genet Test Mol Biomarkers 2015 Dec 27;19(12):684-91. Epub 2015 Oct 27.
1 Department of Genetics, United Laboratories, Tartu University Hospital , Tartu, Estonia .
Aims: To study the frequency of methylation abnormalities among Estonian patients selected according to published clinical diagnostic scoring systems for Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS) and Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS).
Materials And Methods: Forty-eight patients with clinical suspicion of SRS (n = 20) or BWS (n = 28) were included in the study group, to whom methylation-specific multiplex ligation-dependant probe amplification analysis of 11p15 region was made. In addition, to patients with minimal diagnostic score for either SRS or BWS, multilocus methylation-specific single nucleotide primer extension assay was performed.
Results: Five (38%) SRS patients with positive clinical scoring had abnormal methylation pattern at chromosome 11p15, whereas in the BWS group, only one patient was diagnosed with imprinting control region 2 (ICR2) hypomethylation (8%). An unexpected hypomethylation of the PLAGL1 (6q24) and IGF2R (6q25) genes in the patient with the highest BWS scoring was found.
Conclusions: Compared to BWS, diagnostic criteria used for selecting SRS patients gave us a similar detection rate of 11p15 imprinting disorders as seen in other studies. A more careful selection of patients with possible BWS should be considered to improve the detection of molecularly confirmed cases. Genome-wide multilocus methylation tests could be used in routine clinical practice as it increases the detection rates of imprinting disorders.