JAMA Intern Med 2015 Dec;175(12):1901-2
Yale Waterbury Internal Medicine Residency Program, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut3Department of Medicine, Waterbury Hospital, Waterbury, Connecticut.
Am J Clin Nutr 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.
Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, NIH, Bethesda, MD, USA.
Background: Epidemiologic studies examining the relations between dairy product and calcium intakes and breast cancer have been inconclusive, especially for tumor subtypes.Objective: To evaluate the associations between intakes of specific dairy products and calcium and risk of breast cancer overall and for subtypes defined by estrogen receptor (ER) status.Method: We pooled the individual-level data of over 1 million women who were followed for a maximum of 8-20 years across studies. Read More
Hinda and Arthur Marcus Institute for Aging Research, Hebrew SeniorLife, Boston, MA, USA.
Background: Elevated plasma homocysteine has been found to be associated with an increased risk of osteoporosis, especially hip and vertebral fractures. The plasma concentration of homocysteine is dependent on the activities of several B vitamin-dependent enzymes, such as methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR), methionine synthase (MTR), methionine synthase reductase (MTRR), and cystathionine β-synthase (CBS).Objectives: We investigated whether genetic variants in some of the genes involved in 1 carbon metabolism modify the association of B vitamin-related measures with bone mineral density (BMD) and strength. Read More
Department of Nutrition Science, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA.
Background: Food insecurity is associated with poorer nutrient intakes from food sources and lower dietary supplement use. However, its association with total usual nutrient intakes, inclusive of dietary supplements, and biomarkers of nutritional status among US children remains unknown.Objective: The objective was to assess total usual nutrient intakes, Healthy Eating Index-2015 (HEI-2015) scores, and nutritional biomarkers by food security status, sex, and age among US children. Read More
Nutrition Innovation Centre for Food and Health (NICHE), School of Biomedical Sciences, Ulster University, Coleraine, Northern Ireland.
Background: The achievement of target 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations in pregnancy may be altered by maternal obesity.Objective: The authors examined the effects of maternal supplementation of 10 μg compared with 20 μg vitamin D3/d on maternal and umbilical cord 25(OH)D. The secondary aim was to investigate the influence of maternal BMI (in kg/m2) on the response of the primary outcomes. Read More
Department of Food Science & Technology, Faculty of Science, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore.
Background: The consumption of wolfberry (Lycium barbarum), a rich source of carotenoids and bioactive polysaccharides, may serve as a potential dietary strategy for cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk management although limited studies examined its effects as whole fruits.Objectives: To investigate the impact of wolfberry consumption as part of a healthy dietary pattern on vascular health-related outcomes and classical CVD risk factors in middle-aged and older adults in Singapore.Methods: This is a 16-week, parallel design, randomized controlled trial. Read More