Muscle Nerve 2016 May 5;53(5):755-61. Epub 2016 Feb 5.
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Jena University Hospital, Lessingstrasse 2, D-07740, Jena, Germany.
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Muscle Nerve 2014 Sep 5;50(3):358-65. Epub 2014 May 5.
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Jena University Hospital, Lessingstrasse 2, D-07740, Jena, Germany; Facial Nerve Center, Jena University Hospital, Jena, Germany.
Introduction: In this study we introduce quantitative facial muscle ultrasound as a diagnostic tool for patients with chronic unilateral facial palsy.
Methods: Muscle area, thickness, and echo intensity of 6 facial muscles (frontalis, orbicularis oculi, orbicularis oris, depressor anguli oris, depressor labii inferioris, and mentalis) and of 2 chewing muscles (temporalis and masseter, as controls) were measured in 20 patients with chronic facial palsy.
Results: Aside from 1, all facial muscles were significantly smaller on the paralyzed side. Read More
Eur J Paediatr Neurol 2016 Jul 26;20(4):666-70. Epub 2016 Mar 26.
Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Facial Nerve Center, Jena University Hospital, Jena, Germany.
Background: Ultrasonography is a reliable, non-invasive and painless tool for quantitative assessment of the static and dynamic changes of the facial muscles in adult patients with facial palsy. Therefore it would also be worthwhile to establish the method for quantitative analysis of facial muscles in children with facial palsy to improve and expand the diagnostics for paediatric facial palsy.
Methods: Eight children, aged 1-18 years, with facial palsy of different aetiology were scanned and their ultrasound-images analysed. Read More
Dentomaxillofac Radiol 2014 ;43(3):20130016
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Manav Rachna Dental College, Faridabad, Haryana, India.
Objectives: Oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) is an insidious chronic disease that is associated with significant functional morbidity and an increased risk for malignancy. It initially affects the lamina propria of the oral mucosa, and, as the disease progresses, it involves the submucosa and deeper tissue, including muscles of the oral cavity, resulting in loss of fibroelasticity. OSMF is a pre-malignant condition mainly caused by areca nut chewing. Read More
Laryngorhinootologie 1993 Apr;72(4):197-203
This paper reports on 379 investigations of patients with the diagnosis of Bell's palsy. The computerized analysis was carried out retrospectively with the programme FANDOS (6). In most electrophysiological measurements five standard muscles (frontalis muscle, orbicularis oculi muscle, levator labii muscle, zygomaticus muscle, orbicularis oris muscle) were investigated with electromyography (EMG); further, neuromyography was performed. Read More