Eur J Med Chem 2015 Sep 14;102:631-8. Epub 2015 Aug 14.
College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Jishou University, Jishou 416000, PR China; State Key Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, PR China. Electronic address:
Tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase (TyrRS), an essential enzyme in bacterial protein biosynthesis, is an attractive therapeutic target for finding novel antibacterial agents, and a series of N2-(arylacetyl)glycinanilides has been herein synthesized and identified as TyrRS inhibitors. These efforts yielded several compounds, with IC50 in the low micromolar range against TyrRS from Staphylococcus aureus. Out of the obtained compounds, 3ap is the most active and exhibits excellent activity against both Gram-positive (S. aureus) and Gram-negative (Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) bacterial strains. In comparison with the parent scaffold 3-arylfuran-2(5H)-one, N2-(arylacetyl)glycinanilide significantly improved the potency against Gram-negative bacterial strains, indicating that this scaffold offers a significant potential for developing new antibacterial drugs.