Comorbid Development of Disruptive Behaviors from age 1½ to 5 Years in a Population Birth-Cohort and Association with School Adjustment in First Grade.

J Abnorm Child Psychol 2016 May;44(4):677-90

Sainte-Justine Hospital Research Center, Montreal, QC, Canada.

Comorbidity is frequent among disruptive behaviors (DB) and leads to mental health problems during adolescence and adulthood. However, the early developmental origins of this comorbidity have so far received little attention. This study investigated the developmental comorbidity of three DB categories during early childhood: hyperactivity-impulsivity, non-compliance, and physical aggression. Joint developmental trajectories of DB were identified based on annual mother interviews from age 1½ to 5 years, in a population-representative birth-cohort (N = 2045). A significant proportion of children (13 % to 21 %, depending on the type of DB) consistently displayed high levels of hyperactivity-impulsivity, non-compliance, or physical aggression from age 1½ to 5 years. Developmental comorbidity was frequent, especially for boys: 10 % of boys and 3.7 % of girls were on a stable trajectory with high levels of symptoms for the three categories of DB. Significant associations were observed between preschool joint-trajectories of DB and indicators of DB and school adjustment assessed by teachers in first grade. Preschoolers who maintained high levels of hyperactivity-impulsivity, non-compliance, and physical aggression, displayed the highest number of DB symptoms in first grade for all categories according to their teacher. They were also among the most disadvantaged of their class for school adjustment indicators. Thus, DB manifestations and developmental comorbidity of DB are highly prevalent in infancy. Early childhood appears to be a critical period to prevent persistent and comorbid DB that leads to impairment at the very beginning of school attendance and to long-term serious health and social adjustment problems.

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10802-015-0072-1DOI Listing
May 2016
10 Reads

Publication Analysis

Top Keywords

age 1½
12
non-compliance physical
12
physical aggression
12
1½ 5 years
12
school adjustment
12
developmental comorbidity
12
high levels
12
hyperactivity-impulsivity non-compliance
12
three categories
8
comorbidity frequent
8
early childhood
8
disruptive behaviors
8
levels hyperactivity-impulsivity
8
comorbidity
5
developmental
5
37 % girls
4
boys 37 %
4
girls stable
4
stable trajectory
4
observed preschool
4

References

(Supplied by CrossRef)

T.M. Achenbach et al.
1992

S. Alatupa et al.
Psychology 2011

R.H. Baillargeon et al.
Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics 2012

R.H. Baillargeon et al.
Infant Mental Health Journal 2012

R.H. Baillargeon et al.
Infant Mental Health Journal 2007

M. Basten et al.
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology. Advance Online publication. doi: 2015

B. Bendiksen et al.
Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology 2014

L.M Brennan et al.
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 2015

J.D. Brown et al.
1996

S.J. Bufferd et al.
American Journal of Psychiatry 2012

T.L. Bunte et al.
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 2014

Similar Publications