Understanding HIV-infected patients' experiences with PEPFAR-associated transitions at a Centre of Excellence in KwaZulu Natal, South Africa: a qualitative study.

Authors:
Dominick Leone, MPH, MS
Dominick Leone, MPH, MS
Boston University School of Public Health
Pre-Doctoral Candidate
Precision Approach to Population Health: Genomic and Infectious Disease Epidemiology
Boston, Massachusetts | United States

AIDS Care 2015 24;27(10):1298-303. Epub 2015 Aug 24.

e Harvard University Center for AIDS Research (CFAR) , Boston , MA , USA.

South Africa was the largest recipient of funding from the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) for antiretroviral therapy (ART) programs from 2004 to 2012. Funding decreases have led to transfers from hospital and non-governmental organization-based care to government-funded, community-based clinics. We conducted semi-structured interviews with 36 participants to assess patient experiences related to transfer of care from a PEPFAR-funded, hospital-based clinic in Durban to either primary care clinics or hospital-based clinics. Participant narratives revealed the importance of connectedness between patients and the PEPFAR-funded clinic program staff, who were described as respectful and conscientious. Participants reported that transfer clinics were largely focused on dispensing medication and on throughput, rather than holistic care. Although participants appreciated the free treatment at transfer sites, they expressed frustration with long waiting times and low perceived quality of patient-provider communication, and felt that they were treated disrespectfully. These factors eroded confidence in the quality of the care. The transfer was described by participants as hurried with an apparent lack of preparation at transfer clinics for new patient influx. Formal (e.g., counseling) and informal (e.g., family) social supports, both within and beyond the PEPFAR-funded clinic, provided a buffer to challenges faced during and after the transition in care. These data support the importance of social support, adequate preparation for transfer, and improving the quality of care in receiving clinics, in order to optimize retention in care and long-term adherence to treatment.

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Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2015.1051502DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4548805PMC
February 2018
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References

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