Atypical cutaneous γδ T cell proliferation with morphologic features of lymphoma but with clinical features and course of PLEVA or lymphomatoid papulosis.

Authors:
Rebecca L King
Rebecca L King
University of Pennsylvania
United States
Albert C Yan
Albert C Yan
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
United States
Debora R Sekiguchi
Debora R Sekiguchi
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
United States
John K Choi
John K Choi
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
United States

J Cutan Pathol 2015 Aug 12. Epub 2015 Aug 12.

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Reactive lymphoid infiltrates of the skin composed predominantly of gamma-delta (γδ) T cells are not well described in the literature. Herein we report a case of an otherwise healthy 4-year-old male who presented with a waxing and waning papular rash characterized by small, discrete crusted papules spread across his trunk, face and extremities. Clinical evaluation revealed no evidence of systemic disease. Microscopic examination revealed a dermal, perivascular infiltrate of highly atypical lymphocytes with a γδ T cell phenotype, worrisome for primary cutaneous γδ T cell lymphoma. The clinical course, however, was that of a reactive condition and prompted consideration of a diagnosis of pityriasis lichenoides et varioliformis acuta (PLEVA) and lymphomatoid papulosis (LyP). In many ways, this case defies current classification schemes and seems to expand the spectrum of reactive γδ T cell infiltrates of the skin.
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August 2015
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