Rev Chil Pediatr 2015 Mar-Apr;86(2):121-5
Residente de Dermatología, P. Universidad Católica de Chile.
Introduction: Pityriasis lichenoides is a benign inflammatory disease of unknown etiology. There are two types of this condition: an acute form (PLEVA = pityriasis lichenoides et varioliformis acuta) and a chronic one (PLC = pityriasis lichenoid chronica). Both are more common in children and young adults.
Objective: To describe a case of PLC, discuss its clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment and present a review of the literature.
Case Report: A seven-year-old child who presented with recurrent oligosymptomatic episodes of bright erythematous papular lesions in centripetal distribution, which subsided and left behind hypopigmented macules. The biopsy of the lesions confirmed chronic pityriasis lichenoid. During the 3 years of follow-up, multiple treatment regimens were used to reduce exacerbations, resulting in a partial response.
Conclusion: PLC is a rare disease that represents a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge to the physician. The diagnosis of this condition is suspected clinically and confirmed by histology. It does not have specific treatment, but it responds well to corticosteroids, antibiotics, immunosuppressants and phototherapy with UVB narrowband (UVBnb). The latter has given the best results. It is important to monitor patients for risk of developing lymphoproliferative disorders.