Mol Cancer Ther 2015 Oct 24;14(10):2238-48. Epub 2015 Jul 24.
Division of Medical Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. Institute for Cancer Research, Yonsei Cancer Center, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
RET rearrangement is a newly identified oncogenic mutation in lung adenocarcinoma (LADC). Activity of dovitinib (TKI258), a potent inhibitor of FGFR, VEGFR, and PDGFR, in RET-rearranged LADC has not been reported. The aims of the study are to explore antitumor effects and mechanisms of acquired resistance of dovitinib in RET-rearranged LADC. Using structural modeling and in vitro analysis, we demonstrated that dovitinib induced cell-cycle arrest at G0-G1 phase and apoptosis by selective inhibition of RET kinase activity and ERK1/2 signaling in RET-rearranged LC-2/ad cells. Strong antitumor effect of dovitinib was observed in an LC-2/ad tumor xenograft model. To identify the acquired resistance mechanisms to dovitinib, LC-2/ad cells were exposed to increasing concentrations of dovitinib to generate LC-2/ad DR cells. Gene-set enrichment analysis of gene expression and phosphor-kinase revealed that Src, a central gene in focal adhesion, was activated in LC-2/ad DR cells. Saracatinib, an src kinase inhibitor, suppressed ERK1/2 phosphorylation and growth of LC-2/ad DR cells. Taken together, these findings suggest that dovitinib can be a potential therapeutic option for RET-rearranged LADC, in which acquired resistance to dovitinib can be overcome by targeting Src.