Clin Cancer Res 2015 Nov 21;21(22):5092-9. Epub 2015 Jul 21.
Section of Hematology/Oncology, Department of Medicine, The University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois. Committee on Clinical Pharmacology and Pharmacogenomics, The University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois. Comprehensive Cancer Center, The University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois.
Purpose: Fit-for-purpose pharmacodynamic biomarkers could expedite development of combination antiangiogenic regimens. Plasma sVEGFR2 concentrations ([sVEGFR2]) mark sunitinib effects on the systemic vasculature. We hypothesized that cilengitide would impair microvasculature recovery during sunitinib withdrawal and could be detected through changes in [sVEGFR2].
Experimental Design: Advanced solid tumor patients received 50 mg sunitinib daily for 14 days. For the next 14 days, patients were randomized to arm A (cilengitide 2,000 mg administered intravenously twice weekly) or arm B (no treatment). The primary endpoint was change in [sVEGFR2] between days 14 and 28. A candidate pharmacodynamic biomarker of cilengitide inhibition of integrin αvβ3, serum c-telopeptide collagen crosslinks (CTx), was also measured.
Results: Of 21 patients, 14 (7 per arm) received all treatments without interruption and had all blood samples available for analysis. The mean change and SD of [sVEGFR2] for all sunitinib-treated patients was consistent with previous data. There was no significant difference in the mean change in [sVEGFR2] from days 14 to 28 between the arms [arm A: 2.8 ng/mL; 95% confidence interval (CI), 2.1-3.6 vs. arm B: 2.0 ng/mL; 95% CI, 0.72-3.4; P = 0.22, 2-sample t test]. Additional analyses suggested (i) prior bevacizumab therapy to be associated with unusually low baseline [sVEGFR2] and (ii) sunitinib causes measurable changes in CTx.
Conclusions: Cilengitide had no measurable effects on any circulating biomarkers. Sunitinib caused measurable declines in serum CTx. The properties of [sVEGFR2] and CTx observed in this study inform the design of future combination antiangiogenic therapy trials.