Dermatology 2015 6;231(2):152-7. Epub 2015 Jun 6.
Pediatric Department of Southern Switzerland, Bellinzona, Switzerland.
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Presse Med 2004 Nov;33(19 Pt 2):1365-6
Service de dermatologie, Hôpital St Louis, Paris (75).
Introduction: Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a bacterial agent that must be evoked when confronted with cutaneous vasculitis, notably within a context of fever and inflammation, and despite the absence of respiratory symptoms.
Observation: A young 16 year-old boy was hospitalised for cutaneous vasculitis with fever but without respiratory symptoms. A recent M. Read More
J Am Acad Dermatol 2015 Feb;72(2):239-45
Department of Dermatology, University of California, San Francisco, California. Electronic address:
Background: Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection is associated with extrapulmonary complications, including mucocutaneous eruptions. These eruptions, which have been termed either "Stevens-Johnson syndrome" or "erythema multiforme" in the literature, may differ from drug-induced Stevens-Johnson syndrome or viral-associated erythema multiforme.
Objective: We sought to review the literature characterizing morphology and disease course of M pneumoniae-associated mucocutaneous disease. Read More
J Am Acad Dermatol 1996 Nov;35(5 Pt 1):757-60
Department of Dermatology, University of Colorado Medical Center, Denver, USA.
A review of the English-language medical literature revealed at least 70 cases of well-documented Mycoplasma pneumoniae infections associated with the Stevens-Johnson syndrome. There were no cases associated with erythema multiforme (von Hebra). Most of the patients were children and young adults, and male patients were more commonly affected. Read More
Pediatr Dermatol 2006 Nov-Dec;23(6):546-55
Department of Dermatology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachasetts, USA.
Mycoplasma pneumoniae is an important and highly relevant cause of bullous erythema multiforme, isolated mucositis, and Stevens-Johnson syndrome in children. In this article, we present two children with respiratory Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection and associated cutaneous findings within the spectrum of erythema multiforme. We review the literature associating these three entities with Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection and discuss controversies regarding the classification of erythema multiforme, as well as update reported infectious causes of the bullous form. Read More