The chromatin remodeler Brg1 activates enhancer repertoires to establish B cell identity and modulate cell growth.

Nat Immunol 2015 Jul 18;16(7):775-84. Epub 2015 May 18.

Department of Molecular Biology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California, USA.

Early B cell development is orchestrated by the combined activities of the transcriptional regulators E2A, EBF1, Foxo1 and Ikaros. However, how the genome-wide binding patterns of these regulators are modulated during B lineage development remains to be determined. Here we found that in lymphoid progenitor cells, the chromatin remodeler Brg1 specified the B cell fate. In committed pro-B cells, Brg1 regulated contraction of the locus encoding the immunoglobulin heavy chain (Igh) and controlled expression of the gene encoding the transcription factor c-Myc (Myc) to modulate the expression of genes encoding products that regulate ribosome biogenesis. In committed pro-B cells, Brg1 suppressed a pre-B lineage-specific pattern of gene expression. Finally, we found that Brg1 acted mechanistically to establish B cell fate and modulate cell growth by facilitating access of lineage-specific transcription factors to enhancer repertoires.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ni.3170DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4474778PMC
July 2015
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