Melatonin is protective against 6-hydroxydopamine-induced oxidative stress in a hemiparkinsonian rat model.

O Ozsoy, F B Yildirim, E Ogut, Y Kaya, G Tanriover, H Parlak, A Agar, M Aslan

Overview

Melatonin is known to reduce detrimental effects of free radicals by stimulating antioxidant enzymes; however, its role has not been studied in 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-induced rat model of Parkinson's disease (PD). Therefore, we aimed to elucidate the effects of melatonin on motor activity and oxidative stress parameters in 6-OHDA-induced rat model of PD. Three-month-old male Wistar rats were divided into 5 groups: vehicle (V), melatonin-treated (M), 6-OHDA-injected (6-OHDA), 6-OHDA-injected + melatonin-treated (6-OHDA-Mel), and melatonin-treated + 6-OHDA-injected (Mel-6-OHDA) group. Melatonin was administered intraperitoneally at a dose of 10 mg/kg/day for 30 days in M and Mel-6-OHDA groups, for 7 days in 6-OHDA-Mel group. Rats received a unilateral stereotaxic injection of 6-OHDA into the right medial forebrain bundle. The 6-OHDA-Mel group started receiving melatonin when experimental PD was created and the treatment was continued for 7 days. In the Mel-6-OHDA group, experimental PD was created on the 23rd day of melatonin treatment and continued for the remaining 7 days. Locomotor activity decreased in 6-OHDA group compared with that in vehicle group; however, melatonin treatment did not improve this impairment. 6-OHDA injection caused an obvious reduction in tyrosine-hydroxylase-positive dopaminergic neuron viability as determined by immunohistochemistry

Summary

Biochemical analysis confirmed the beneficial effects of melatonin displaying higher superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase activities and lower lipid peroxidation in substantia nigra samples in comparison to non-treated 6-OHDA group.

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Author Comments

Dr.  erenogut, PhD
Dr. erenogut, PhD
Department of Anatomy / Bahcesehir University School of Medicine
Asst. Prof.
Anatomy
Istanbul | Turkey
Starting melatonin treatment before creating experimental PD was more effective on observed changes.Dr. erenogut, PhD

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Melatonin is protective against 6-hydroxydopamine-induced oxidative stress in a hemiparkinsonian rat model.

Authors:
Dr.  erenogut, PhD
Dr. erenogut, PhD
Department of Anatomy / Bahcesehir University School of Medicine
Asst. Prof.
Anatomy
Istanbul | Turkey

Free Radic Res 2015 25;49(8):1004-14. Epub 2015 Apr 25.

Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Akdeniz University , Antalya , Turkey.

Melatonin is known to reduce detrimental effects of free radicals by stimulating antioxidant enzymes; however, its role has not been studied in 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-induced rat model of Parkinson's disease (PD). Therefore, we aimed to elucidate the effects of melatonin on motor activity and oxidative stress parameters in 6-OHDA-induced rat model of PD. Three-month-old male Wistar rats were divided into 5 groups: vehicle (V), melatonin-treated (M), 6-OHDA-injected (6-OHDA), 6-OHDA-injected + melatonin-treated (6-OHDA-Mel), and melatonin-treated + 6-OHDA-injected (Mel-6-OHDA) group. Melatonin was administered intraperitoneally at a dose of 10 mg/kg/day for 30 days in M and Mel-6-OHDA groups, for 7 days in 6-OHDA-Mel group. Rats received a unilateral stereotaxic injection of 6-OHDA into the right medial forebrain bundle. The 6-OHDA-Mel group started receiving melatonin when experimental PD was created and the treatment was continued for 7 days. In the Mel-6-OHDA group, experimental PD was created on the 23rd day of melatonin treatment and continued for the remaining 7 days. Locomotor activity decreased in 6-OHDA group compared with that in vehicle group; however, melatonin treatment did not improve this impairment. 6-OHDA injection caused an obvious reduction in tyrosine-hydroxylase-positive dopaminergic neuron viability as determined by immunohistochemistry. Melatonin supplementation decreased dopaminergic neuron death in 6-OHDA-Mel and Mel-6-OHDA groups compared with that in 6-OHDA group. Biochemical analysis confirmed the beneficial effects of melatonin displaying higher superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase activities and lower lipid peroxidation in substantia nigra samples in comparison to non-treated 6-OHDA group. Starting melatonin treatment before creating experimental PD was more effective on observed changes.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/10715762.2015.1027198DOI Listing
April 2016
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References

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Cohen G et al.
J Biol Chem 1974

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