Int Surg 2015 Mar;100(3):455-60
1 Izmir Tepecik Education and Research Hospital, Department of General Surgery, Izmir, Turkey.
Reports on the outcomes of emergency and elective femoral hernia surgery are scarce. Most studies do not distinguish femoral hernia from other types of groin hernia; studies of femoral hernia alone are few in number. The main objective of the present study was to identify factors affecting morbidity of femoral hernia patients. We retrospectively analyzed data on 80 patients who underwent femoral hernia surgery between June 2009 and June 2013. Patients who did and did not experience morbidity were compared in terms of age, sex, hernia location, the presence of any comorbid disease, the type of anesthesia employed, the operative technique used, the type of surgical intervention, and performance of small bowel resection. Forty-three patients (53.8%) underwent emergency surgery because of incarceration. Of these, 18 (41.9%) experienced strangulation and underwent resection. Postoperative complications developed in 11 patients (13.8%). Upon multiple logistic regression analysis, visceral organ resection (of the small bowel and/or omentum) was the only independent predictor of significant morbidity (P < 0.05; odds ratio [OR]: 14.010, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.001-196.143). When diagnosed, femoral hernias should be electively repaired as soon as possible. The cumulative probability of strangulation rises over time. A requirement for bowel resection seems to significantly increase morbidity.