Anticholinesterase and antityrosinase activities of ten piper species from malaysia.

Adv Pharm Bull 2014 Dec 31;4(Suppl 2):527-31. Epub 2014 Dec 31.

School of Chemistry and Environmental Studies, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA Sarawak, 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate acetylcholinesterase (AChE), butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) and antityrosinase activities of extracts from ten Piper species namely; P. caninum, P. lanatum, P. abbreviatum, P. aborescens, P. porphyrophyllum, P. erecticaule, P. ribesioides, P. miniatum, P. stylosum, and P. majusculum.

Methods: Anticholinesterase and antityrosinase activities were evaluated against in vitro Ellman spectroscopy method and mushroom tyrosinase, respectively.

Results: The EtOAc extract of P. erecticaule showed the highest AChE and BChE inhibitory with 22.9% and 70.9% inhibition, respectively. In antityrosinase activity, all extracts of P. porphyrophyllum showed the highest inhibitory effects against mushroom tyrosinase, compared to standard, kojic acid.

Conclusion: This study showed that P. erecticaule and P. porphyrophyllum have potential AChE/BChE and tyrosinase inhibition activities. The respective extracts can be explored further for the development of novel lead as AChE/BChE and tyrosinase inhibitors in therapeutic management of Alzheimer's disease.

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Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5681/apb.2014.078DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4312401PMC
December 2014
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