Medicina (B Aires) 2014 ;74(6):481-92
Dirección Médica Química Montpellier SA, Buenos Aires, Argentina. E-mail:
Am Fam Physician 2006 May;73(10):1769-76
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California 90048, USA.
Thyroiditis is an inflammation of the thyroid gland that may be painful and tender when caused by infection, radiation, or trauma, or painless when caused by autoimmune conditions, medications, or an idiopathic fibrotic process. The most common forms are Hashimoto's disease, subacute granulomatous thyroiditis, postpartum thyroiditis, subacute lymphocytic thyroiditis, and drug-induced thyroiditis (caused by amiodarone, interferon-alfa, interleukin-2, or lithium). Patients may have euthyroidism, hyperthyroidism, or hypothyroidism, or may evolve from one condition to another over time. Read More
Otolaryngol Clin North Am 1996 Aug;29(4):541-56
Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, University of Massachusetts Medical Center, Worcester, USA.
Inflammatory disorders of the thyroid, including autoimmune thyroiditis, are among the most common endocrine abnormalities encountered in clinical practice. The association of pain with these disorders, however, is relatively uncommon. Despite this observation, painful thyroid disorders comprise a significant component of the spectrum of thyroid disease. Read More
Med Clin North Am 1991 Jan;75(1):61-77
University of Southern California School of Medicine, Los Angeles.
Inflammatory diseases of the thyroid are collectively the commonest thyroid disorder. Individually, they range from the rare case of acute bacterial thyroiditis to the other end of the spectrum, the even rarer Riedel's thyroiditis. Relatively common thyroid inflammatory diseases include the subacute thyroiditis syndromes. Read More
Z Arztl Fortbild (Jena) 1991 Mar;85(5):184-6
Klinik für Innere Medizin Theodor Brugsch, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin.