J Med Case Rep 2014 Dec 29;8:466. Epub 2014 Dec 29.
Henry C, Witelson Ocular Pathology Laboratory, McGill University, 3775 Rue University, Room 216, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
Introduction: Superficial epithelioma with sebaceous differentiation is a rare benign epithelial neoplasm. It usually involves the head, neck or the back of a middle-age person. To the best of our knowledge, two ocular cases have been reported in the literature.
Case Presentation: A 46-year-old man of Italian descent, with a known history of testicular seminoma treated by orchiectomy with chemotherapy and radiotherapy, presented with a tan-colored lesion measuring 4mm in diameter in his right upper lid that had been growing over 10 months. It was clinically diagnosed as papilloma. An excisional biopsy was done. On histological examination, the lesion was a well-circumscribed and sharply demarcated epithelial tumor attached to the overlying epidermis and characterized by plate-like proliferation of basaloid to squamous cells with clusters of mature sebaceous cells and foci of ductal differentiation. After a follow-up period of 5 months, no recurrence of the lesion has been documented.
Conclusions: Superficial epithelioma with sebaceous differentiation is part of the differential diagnoses of eyelid lesions. Arguments in the literature about the correct nomenclature of superficial epithelioma with sebaceous differentiation have resulted in under-diagnosed cases. The benign histological features and the lack of recurrence support its benign nature. Although no clear association has linked superficial epithelioma with sebaceous differentiation with Muir-Torre syndrome, further clinical correlation and close follow up for patients are recommended.