Revised species definitions and nomenclature of the rose colored Cithaerias butterflies (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Satyrinae).

Authors:
Carla M Penz
Carla M Penz
University of New Orleans
Laura G Alexander
Laura G Alexander
University of New Orleans
United States
Philip J DeVries
Philip J DeVries
University of New Orleans

Zootaxa 2014 Oct 20;3873(5):541-59. Epub 2014 Oct 20.

Department of Biological Sciences, University of New Orleans, 2000 Lakeshore Dr. New Orleans, LA 70148, USA.; Email:

This study provides updated species definitions for five rose-colored Cithaerias butterflies, starting with a historical overview of their taxonomy. Given their mostly transparent wings, genitalia morphology yielded the most reliable characters for species definition and identification. Genitalic divergence is more pronounced when multiple species occur in sympatry than between parapatric taxa. Cithaerias aurorina is granted full species status, C. cliftoni is reinstated as a full species, and one new combination is proposed, i.e. C. aurora tambopata. Two new synonyms are proposed, Callitaera phantoma and Callitaera aura = Cithaerias aurora. 

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3873.5.5DOI Listing

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October 2014
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