BMC Proc 2014 17;8(Suppl 1):S69. Epub 2014 Jun 17.
Department of Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Avenue, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA ; Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, 3235 Eden Avenue,Cincinnati, OH 45267, USA.
Genetic studies often collect data on multiple traits. Most genetic association analyses, however, consider traits separately and ignore potential correlation among traits, partially because of difficulties in statistical modeling of multivariate outcomes. When multiple traits are measured in a pedigree longitudinally, additional challenges arise because in addition to correlation between traits, a trait is often correlated with its own measures over time and with measurements of other family members. We developed a Bayesian model for analysis of bivariate quantitative traits measured longitudinally in family genetic studies. For a given trait, family-specific and subject-specific random effects account for correlation among family members and repeated measures, respectively. Correlation between traits is introduced by incorporating multivariate random effects and allowing time-specific trait residuals to correlate as in seemingly unrelated regressions. The proposed model can examine multiple single-nucleotide variations simultaneously, as well as incorporate familyspecific, subject-specific, or time-varying covariates. Bayesian multiplicity technique is used to effectively control false positives. Genetic Analysis Workshop 18 simulated data illustrate the proposed approach's applicability in modeling longitudinal multivariate outcomes in family genetic association studies.