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    Crystal structure of streptavidin mutant with low immunogenicity.

    J Biosci Bioeng 2015 Jun 26;119(6):642-7. Epub 2014 Nov 26.
    Radioisotope Center, The University of Tokyo, 2-11-16 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0032, Japan. Electronic address:
    We previously created a low-immunogenic core streptavidin mutant No. 314 (LISA-314) by replacing six amino-acid residues for use as a delivery tool for an antibody multistep pre-targeting process (Yumura et al., Protein Sci., 22, 213-221, 2013). Here, we performed high-resolution X-ray structural analyses of LISA-314 and wild-type streptavidin to investigate the effect of substitutions on the protein function and the three-dimensional structure. LISA-314 forms a tetramer in the same manner as wild-type streptavidin. The binding mode of d-biotin in LISA-314 is also completely identical to that in wild-type streptavidin, and conformational changes were observed mostly at the side chains of substituted sites. Any large conformational changes corresponding to the reduction of B factors around the substituted sites were not observed. These results demonstrated the LISA-314 acquired low immunogenicity without losing structural properties of original wild-type streptavidin.
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