Variations in eyeball diameters of the healthy adults.

Authors:
Inessa Bekerman
Inessa Bekerman
Assaf Harofeh Medical Center
Paul Gottlieb
Paul Gottlieb
Sophie Davis School of Biomedical Education
Michael Vaiman
Michael Vaiman
Assaf Harofeh Medical Center

J Ophthalmol 2014 5;2014:503645. Epub 2014 Nov 5.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Affiliated to Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, 33 Shapiro Street, 70300 Zerifin, Israel.

The purpose of the current research was to reevaluate the normative data on the eyeball diameters. Methods. In a prospective cohort study, the CT data of consecutive 250 adults with healthy eyes were collected and analyzed, and sagittal, transverse, and axial diameters of both eyeballs were measured. The data obtained from the left eye and from the right eye were compared. The correlation analysis was performed with the following variables: orbit size, gender, age, and ethnic background. Results. We did not find statistically significant differences correlated with gender of the patients and their age. The right eyeball was slightly smaller than the left one but this difference was statistically insignificant (P = 0.17). We did not find statistically significant differences of the eyeball sizes among the ethnicities we dealt with. Strong correlation was found between the transverse diameter and the width of the orbit (r = 0.88). Conclusion. The size of a human adult eye is approximately 24.2 mm (transverse) × 23.7 mm (sagittal) × 22.0-24.8 mm (axial) with no significant difference between sexes and age groups. In the transverse diameter, the eyeball size may vary from 21 mm to 27 mm. These data might be useful in ophthalmological, oculoplastic, and neurological practice.

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Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/503645DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4238270PMC

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November 2014
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