G Ital Dermatol Venereol 2016 Feb 12;151(1):93-101. Epub 2014 Nov 12.
Istituto Ortodermico Italiano, Rome, Italy -
Acta Otorhinolaryngol Belg 1998 ;52(4):257-70
Dept of ENT, Head and Neck Surgery, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois, Lausanne, Switzerland.
The story of the development of civilisation and of humanity is at the base of science, medicine and otology in particular. The evolution of knowledge is better understood by dividing the story into chronological periods. Through primitive, archaic, hellenistic, byzantine, arabian, monastic, scholastic, Renaissance, modern and finally contemporary medicine, otology has progressively found its way. Read More
Am J Med Sci 1999 Sep;318(3):171-80
Department of Pathology, The University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson 39216-4505, USA.
Hippocrates (460-370 BCE), the father of medicine, developed principles for medical diagnosis and treatment together with a code of ethics. When the first Ptolemy ruled Egypt, he created a great library of 700,000 rolls at Alexandria, which became a repository for the works of Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Hippocrates, and all the writings of the known world, but it was destroyed by a great fire. Galen of Pergamum (129-216), who lived 500 years after Hippocrates, was well educated and studied anatomy, surgery, drugs and Hippocratic medicine. Read More
J Invest Dermatol 1976 Feb;66(02):122-5
Dermatol Nurs 1999 Feb;11(1):25-6, 29-33
Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, USA.
Dermatology emerged as a distinct medical specialty in the mid-1800s. The background that led to this development, and the contributions made to the specialty by pioneering physicians in England, France, the German-speaking countries, and the United States are discussed. Read More