Drug Dev Res 2014 Nov;75 Suppl 1:S27-30
Department of Dermatology, University of Rome "Tor Vergata", Rome, 00133, Italy.
Overexpression of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) has been demonstrated to play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of both plaque-type psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis. TNF-α blockers, including etanercept, a human protein that acts as a TNF-α soluble receptor, are effective in the treatment of psoriasis. This retrospective study investigated the impact of psoriasis patients' demographic and clinical characteristics on primary inefficacy to etanercept. Our findings suggest that the presence of psoriatic arthritis is a risk factor for primary inefficacy to etanercept in the treatment of psoriasis. However, etanercept efficacy appears to be independent of patient age, gender, or previous biologic treatments.