Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2014 Dec 2;22(12):2900-10. Epub 2014 Oct 2.
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Centre for Orthopaedic Biomechanics, University of Bath, Bath, BA2 7AY, UK,
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Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2015 Jul 24;23(7):1936-42. Epub 2014 Apr 24.
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kosin Gospel Hospital, College of Medicine, Kosin University, 34, Amnam-dong, Seo-gu, Busan, 602-702, South Korea.
Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine (1) variations in the shape of the proximal, middle, and distal femur in a series of Korean patients who had undergone total knee arthroplasty (TKA), (2) the preoperative relationship between these three parameters and the distal valgus cutting angle referenced off the femoral intramedullary guide, and (3) whether there was any relationship between femoral bowing and variations in the shape of the proximal or distal femur in the coronal plane.
Methods: The preoperative long-standing anteroposterior radiographs of 316 consecutive osteoarthritis patients who underwent primary TKA from 2009 to 2011 were examined. The femoral neck shaft angle, the femoral shaft bowing angle, and the mechanical lateral distal femoral angle were measured to assess the shape of the proximal, middle, and distal femur, respectively. Read More
Orthop Traumatol Surg Res 2009 Jun 26;95(4):267-71. Epub 2009 May 26.
Department of orthopaedics and traumatology, Versailles Hospital Center, 78150 Le Chesnay, France.
Background: Patellofemoral instability following total knee arthroplasty is a very common complication which may result from a defective rotational positioning of the femoral component. However, rotational landmarks for optimal orientation are not unequivocal. Moreover, no proven correlation has yet been established between preexisting rotational malposition and patellofemoral instability occurrence. Read More
Orthop Traumatol Surg Res 2013 Sep 24;99(5):493-500. Epub 2013 Jun 24.
Motion research and musculo-skeletal institute, Southern Teaching Hospital Center, Sainte-Marguerite Hospital, 270, boulevard Sainte-Marguerite, 13009 Marseille, France.
Background: Lower extremity alignment correlates with native femoral offset. Eventual impact of the change in femoral offset induced by total hip arthroplasty (THA) on lower extremity alignment has not been documented.
Hypothesis: THA significantly changes lower extremity alignment, and the change correlates with the change in femoral offset. Read More
Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2012 Jul 10;20(7):1331-8. Epub 2011 Sep 10.
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, 3471 Fifth Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA.
Purpose: Tibio-femoral kinematics are clearly influenced by the bony morphology of the femur. Previous morphological studies have not directly evaluated relationships between morphology and knee kinematics. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between distal femur bony morphology and in vivo knee kinematics during running. Read More