This study aimed to elucidate locomotor activity changes in 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) induced Parkinson's disease (PD) and investigate the possible beneficial effects of melatonin on altered levels of locomotor activity, cyclooxygenase (COX), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-?B), nitrate/nitrite and apoptosis. Male Wistar rats were divided into five groups: vehicle (V), melatonin-treated (M), 6-OHDA-injected (6-OHDA), 6-OHDA-injected + melatonin-treated (6-OHDA-Mel) and melatonin treated + 6-OHDA-injected (Mel-6-OHDA). Melatonin was administered intraperitoneally at a dose of 10 mg/kg/day for 30 days in M and Mel-6-OHDA groups, for 7 days in 6-OHDA-Mel group. Experimental PD was created stereotactically via unilateral infusion of 6-OHDA into the medial forebrain bundle (MFB).
Melatonin supplementation decreased dopaminergic neuron death in 6-OHDA-Mel and Mel-6-OHDA groups compared with 6-OHDA group. Melatonin also protected against 6-OHDA-induced apoptosis, as identified by increment in Bcl-2 levels in dopaminergic neurons. The protective effect of melatonin was more prominent for most parameter following 30 days treatment (pre- and post-) than 7 days post-treatment.
melatonin treatment decreased dopaminergic neuron death in experimental PD model by increasing Bcl-2 protein level and decreasing caspase-3 activity.Dr. erenogut, PhD
Neurochem Int 2014 Dec 28;79:1-11. Epub 2014 Sep 28.
Faculty of Medicine, Department of Biochemistry, Akdeniz University, Antalya, Turkey.
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