Eur J Pediatr 2014 Dec 20;173(12):1719-22. Epub 2014 Sep 20.
Department of General Pediatrics, Neonatology and Pediatric Cardiology, University Children's Hospital Duesseldorf, Heinrich-Heine-University, Moorenstr. 5, 40225, Duesseldorf, Germany,
Unlabelled: Malonic aciduria is an extremely rare autosomal recessive inborn error of metabolism. We present clinical, biochemical and genetic information for several years of follow-up of new malonic aciduria patients who were diagnosed by newborn screening. These data are discussed with regard to treatment options and possible diagnostic pitfalls. The cases presented here show that the course of malonic aciduria is unpredictable and can even significantly differ in two siblings harbouring identical mutations. Early treatment can lead to the rapid improvement of cardiomyopathy in the course of malonic aciduria. Biochemical parameters seem to be variable and can intermittently be undetectable in the blood or urine samples of affected patients. Therefore, confirmatory tests following a positive newborn screening should be taken with caution and include both malonyl carnitine detection in dried blood spots and urinary organic acid analysis as initial measures.
Conclusion: Patients with a suspected or confirmed diagnosis of malonic aciduria should undergo thorough diagnostic procedures and be regularly screened for complications such as cardiomyopathy even when they are asymptomatic in order to ensure early therapy of treatable complications.